Man Having Trouble Focusing on Book

What is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia is a vision condition in which the lens loses its flexibility, making it difficult to focus on close objects. During the early and middle years of life, the crystalline lens of the eye has the ability to focus both near and distant images by getting thicker for near objects and thinner for distant objects. When this ability is lost, presbyopia results.

How does Presbyopia develop?

As we age, the lenses in the eyes lose some of their elasticity, and without elasticity they lose some of their ability to change focus for different distances. Presbyopia may seem to occur suddenly, but the actual loss of flexibility takes place over a number of years. Long before an individual is aware that seeing close up is becoming more difficult, the lenses in the eyes have begun losing their ability to flatten and thicken. Only when the loss of elasticity impairs vision to a noticeable degree is the change recognized. Presbyopia usually becomes noticeable in the early to mid-forties.

What are the symptoms of Presbyopia?

For people who have presbyopia, vision is blurred when looking at near objects, such as during reading. Also, it may become difficult adjusting focus when switching from near to distance vision. Some signs of presbyopia include the tendency to hold reading materials at arm’s length, blurred vision at normal reading distance, and eye fatigue along with headaches when doing close work. A comprehensive examination will include testing for presbyopia.

How can Presbyopia be prevented?

Presbyopia is a natural part of the aging process of the eye. It is not a disease and it cannot be prevented.

How can Laser Vision Correction treat Presbyopia?

Laser Vision Correction cannot treat Presbyopia, however, many people elect to have monovision correction. This is where one eye is corrected to see distance and the other eye is corrected to see near. If you are forty and considering refractive surgery, there are a number of options available to you. Be sure to ask your doctor for more information.